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  • Findings Show Similar Improvements for Women and Men After PRIME For Life®

Findings Show Similar Improvements for Women and Men After PRIME For Life®

Our fifth technical report, Comparisons of Women and Men Who Completed PRIME For Life1 (PFL), has just been posted.

We reviewed data from multiple recent state evaluations to compare the utility of PFL between genders, and positive changes occurred for both men and women on key outcomes. Gender differences that did occur were generally due to baseline differences in which men had beliefs consistent with higher-risk substance use. Thus, the findings support the value of PFL as an indicated prevention program for both women and men.

Three sources of data provide information about whether women and men differ in the benefits received from PFL participation. Below are some of the key findings.

1. In a comparison of people completing PFL and those receiving an alternative intervention, results indicate:

  • Overall program benefit occurred for participants, often more so for PFL versus the alternative intervention.
  • Women and men benefited similarly from program participation.
  • Men drank more heavily before intervention and understood tolerance less well. However, they still experienced as much positive change as women.

2. We examined baseline gender differences and changes that occurred for women and men following participation in PFL in five states. Results suggest:

  • In many domains, women and men did not differ.
  • In other domains, men tended to have cognitions considered higher risk compared to women. However, in these cases, men still experienced at least as much positive change as women.
  • Comparisons of women’s and men’s ratings of PRIME For Life showed that both viewed it as helpful.

3. A 3-year recidivism study assessed whether gender was related to recidivism, and whether PFL or PFL plus further substance abuse treatment had a different effect on recidivism for women than for men. We categorized participants into three intervention types: did not complete, completed PFL, and completed PFL with treatment. Results indicate:

  • PFL participant recidivism was lower than for those who did not take PFL; this was true for both women and men.

Overall, the results indicate that PFL performed better than an alternative intervention, and women and men both experienced this superior benefit. Additionally, while men sometimes show greater risk in their cognitions and behavior, women and men show similar rates of improvement as part of participating in PFL. Hence, the evidence suggests that PFL is effective with both women and men in both short-term cognitive changes and recidivism. Additionally, both typically perceive PFL as helpful.

Read the full report.

For more information on this study, please contact Blair Beadnell, Director of Research and Evaluation Services.

1Crisafulli, M. A., Beadnell, B., Stafford, P.A., & Rosengren, D. B. (2013). Comparisons of Women and Men Who Completed PRIME For Life (Technical Report 5.1). Lexington, KY: Prevention Research Institute.